What is it like to be a bat? is one of the classic articles on the subject of neurophilosophy, a subject that deals with questions of whether the brain and the mind are the same thing (whether one reduces to the other), and whether it's possible to figure this out by some method.
It was this question, combined with a heavy dose of cyberpunk literature, that led me to spend several years of my youth on working toward a degree in neuroscience. In some ways, it was a tremendous waste of time and effort, but at least I found out the answers to my questions. At least, as good of answers as it is possible to get at this juncture.